While those who lived centuries ago were mostly expected to learn only a trade before working for the rest of their lives, today’s students receive much more. Modern educational requirements are based on learning how to read, write, do at least basic math and know something of the basic history of a country. Students today are given more education than they might need, but their studies are based on teaching them how to learn throughout their lives. Advances in modern technology have made it imperative for their society to educate them so they can keep up.
The ability to read gives a person an opportunity to learn on their own, and those who can write have a way to share their knowledge. Unrestricted learning is for those who crave knowledge, but any person who can read has a chance, with online sources, to learn even more than they were taught in school. Reading is one of the basic foundations of learning, and a literate person will be able to find information, learn from it, and they can then make connections that will assist them with moving forward in life.
Formal education today requires that students also learn basic mathematics, and these go far beyond addition and subtraction in many societies. Students of just a half century ago were expected to know nothing more than how to add up their expenses, but today’s students are often expected to be able to do basic algebra and geometry. There is not always a real world application in mathematics, but it does teach them how to outline a problem and solve it.
Each society has its own expectations for students today, but all of them tend to focus on reading, writing and at least basic mathematics to help their citizens prosper in the modern world. Those who want more education are often encouraged to learn after formal schooling is complete, and many societies are also beginning to find ways to help their students advance to higher education.